In 1997, the distinctive architecture of the city of Salzburg and its numerous cultural monuments moved the UNESCO to declare the old town a world heritage site. This status ensures the town is thoroughly protected.
Salzburg is known as one of the most beautiful baroque cities on the northern side of the Alps. Every year, it’s inimitable skyline - the fortress, the cathedral dome and numerous church spires - enchants millions of visitors from all over the world. Salzburg’s architecture was immensely influenced by more than one thousand years of rule by the Prince-Archbishops, and is often referred to as the ‘Rome of the North’.
The large public squares, magnificent fountains and palaces were all modelled on Italian architecture of the age. The narrow lanes and passageways, the former Residenz zu Salzburg that housed the Prince-Archbishops, the cathedral quarter and the famous Mirabellgarten, all contribute to the unique charm of the city. All the places of interest in the historical part of Salzburg can be reached on foot from Salzburg Congress in just a few minutes.
Our tips for exploring the historical part of Salzburg:
Go for a morning stroll or a jog in the world-famous Mirabell garden, along the River Salzach or over Mönchsberg Hill (Museum der Moderne, Fortress Hohensalzburg, Kapitelplatz Square).
A short walk over Müllner Steg Bridge and along the embankment – upriver in the direction of the old town – cross over again at Makartsteg Bridge (popular photo opportunity with the fortress in the background) and back to the Mirabell garden and Salzburg Congress.
Shopping tour in the old part of Salzburg: As well as global brands such as Prada, Hermès, Mont Blanc, Louis Vuitton and Longchamp, in the Getreidegasse visitors can also find a number of traditional Salzburg businesses: Tracht clothing boutiques, back-room workshops and jewellers are a reliable source of wonderful Salzburg souvenirs.